Critical Information Infrastructure Operators (CIIOs) are a central and so far vague concept of China’s new cybersecurity and data protection system. With the regulations on critical information infrastructure protection (“the regulations”) that came into force on September 1, 2020, the government is now creating more transparency, but at the same time increasing the pressure on… Continue reading Who Is Operator of Critical Information Infrastructure?
In just two days, Didi, China’s largest service platform for private car ride-hailing, has gone from investor darling to the first major case of a cybersecurity review by the Chinese government against a company after a stellar IPO on Wall Street. One of the bases of this review is the Measures for Cybersecurity Review 2020,… Continue reading Cybersecurity Review: Didi Is Not the Last Company
The Data Security Law (DSL), which further strengthens China’s regulation of data security, will come into effect on September 1, 2021. The critical question for foreign companies is to what extent they will be affected by the DSL. The crux of the matter here is the so-called “important data.” This special category of data is… Continue reading DSL: What is “Important Data”?
China has taken another step toward data protection with the release of the second draft revision of the Personal Information Protection Law (PIPL). Although not the final law, it appears that personal data protection legislation has entered the final stages, and it is believed that the PIPL will soon be formally enacted. It is not… Continue reading Chinese GDPR: On the Safe Side
The use of public blockchains and cryptocurrency trading have been heavily restricted in China since 2017. However, in 2019, the Chinese government realized that this technology is not only a risk of losing control, but can be very useful. Since then, it has been trying to target blockchain technology to improve cybersecurity and build a… Continue reading Blockchain Makes Evidence Secure
China is increasingly cracking down on illegal deepfakes – fake digital representations of people in image, video or audio formats created using artificial intelligence for the purpose of deception. The counterfeiter usually collects facial or body data of a person in the form of images and uploads them to an AI algorithm. This processes the… Continue reading China Fights Misleading through Deepfakes
After Tesla was first targeted by the Chinese government earlier this year over allegations of quality shortcomings, the successful e-car manufacturer is now in the spotlight over espionage allegations and threats to national security. According to recent reports, military personnel, government officials, and employees of large state-owned enterprises are no longer allowed to use Tesla-branded… Continue reading China Restricts Tesla Driving Permits for Civil Servants
Implementation of the Cyber Security Law through the Multi Level Protection Scheme (MLPS 2.0) is mandatory for all companies established in China. Because implementation has been slow, the government has now stepped up cybersecurity monitoring and is urging companies to fulfill their MLPS obligations. The authorities are particularly targeting the industrially strong regions, where many… Continue reading MLPS 2.0: China Steps Up Its Cybersecurity Inspections
When it comes to data protection in China, data localization is inevitable for foreign companies. The basic requirements are currently mainly set out in the Cyber Security Law, and many service providers such as the financial sector, providers of public health information, and online cab booking services have issued their own data localization requirements. The… Continue reading The Obligation to Localize Data Affects More Companies
China’s opening to European investment, the Investment Agreement between China and the EU promises, includes market access in many sectors – including cloud services and other online services. China has agreed to open its cloud services sector to EU investment up to a 50% cap. The entry into force of the CAI may thus create… Continue reading China Wants to Open its Cloud Services Market to EU Companies