Cyber Security and Data Protection: What’s in Store for 2022?

The year 2021 was – not only, but also – a turbulent year in the areas of cyber security and data protection in China. In addition to increased enforcement of the Multi-Level Protection Scheme (MLPS) in China, the implementation of which has been legally binding for companies in China since 2017 (see our webinars), many… Continue reading Cyber Security and Data Protection: What’s in Store for 2022?

Important Data: More Duties for Processing

China is fleshing out its data protection rules. The Network Data Security Management Regulation (Draft for Comments), published in November 2021, provides more detailed guidance regarding the obligations of processors of important data. Data is divided into general data, important data, and national core data. Important data refers to data that may jeopardize national security… Continue reading Important Data: More Duties for Processing

Data Export Security Assessment: All Data Processors Are Involved

With the enactment of China’s Cybersecurity Law (CSL), Data Security Law (DSL), and Personal Information Protection Law (PIPL), security management and assessment of cross-border data transfer became a key issue. Following these three laws, China’s Cyberspace Administration (CAC) published the Measures on Data Export Security Assessment (Draft for Comments) on October 29, 2021, which provides… Continue reading Data Export Security Assessment: All Data Processors Are Involved

Patents and Data: Extraterritorial Effect of Chinese Laws

China’s Five-Year Plan calls for the development of a Chinese-style socialist rule of law that also has an impact abroad. The country is to distinguish itself as a first-choice jurisdiction for resolving cross-border disputes and promote the application of Chinese law abroad. International legal and regulatory norms should be amended and the Chinese legal system… Continue reading Patents and Data: Extraterritorial Effect of Chinese Laws

Is Your Personal Data Safe with Chatbots?

Chatbots are popular in China and are part of everyday digital life. They can be found in business as well as in society, for example in customer service or as social chatbots, a kind of virtual friend of the user. One example is the app XiaoIce, which now has more than 40 million registered users… Continue reading Is Your Personal Data Safe with Chatbots?

Cybersecurity Review: Didi Is Not the Last Company

In just two days, Didi, China’s largest service platform for private car ride-hailing, has gone from investor darling to the first major case of a cybersecurity review by the Chinese government against a company after a stellar IPO on Wall Street. One of the bases of this review is the Measures for Cybersecurity Review 2020,… Continue reading Cybersecurity Review: Didi Is Not the Last Company

DSL: What is “Important Data”?

The Data Security Law (DSL), which further strengthens China’s regulation of data security, will come into effect on September 1, 2021. The critical question for foreign companies is to what extent they will be affected by the DSL. The crux of the matter here is the so-called “important data.” This special category of data is… Continue reading DSL: What is “Important Data”?

Automakers Must Implement the MLPS for Autonomous Vehicles

China has gradually lowered barriers to foreign investors entering the auto industry in recent years, but is now stepping up regulation and supervision of companies in the areas of cyber security and data protection.   On April 7, 2021, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) released draft “Guidelines for Approval of Manufacturers of Intelligent… Continue reading Automakers Must Implement the MLPS for Autonomous Vehicles

Chinese GDPR: On the Safe Side

China has taken another step toward data protection with the release of the second draft revision of the Personal Information Protection Law (PIPL). Although not the final law, it appears that personal data protection legislation has entered the final stages, and it is believed that the PIPL will soon be formally enacted. It is not… Continue reading Chinese GDPR: On the Safe Side

China Fights Misleading through Deepfakes

China is increasingly cracking down on illegal deepfakes – fake digital representations of people in image, video or audio formats created using artificial intelligence for the purpose of deception. The counterfeiter usually collects facial or body data of a person in the form of images and uploads them to an AI algorithm. This processes the… Continue reading China Fights Misleading through Deepfakes