Who Is Operator of Critical Information Infrastructure?

Critical Information Infrastructure Operators (CIIOs) are a central and so far vague concept of China’s new cybersecurity and data protection system. With the regulations on critical information infrastructure protection (“the regulations”) that came into force on September 1, 2020, the government is now creating more transparency, but at the same time increasing the pressure on… Continue reading Who Is Operator of Critical Information Infrastructure?

Cybersecurity Review: Didi Is Not the Last Company

In just two days, Didi, China’s largest service platform for private car ride-hailing, has gone from investor darling to the first major case of a cybersecurity review by the Chinese government against a company after a stellar IPO on Wall Street. One of the bases of this review is the Measures for Cybersecurity Review 2020,… Continue reading Cybersecurity Review: Didi Is Not the Last Company

DSL: What is “Important Data”?

The Data Security Law (DSL), which further strengthens China’s regulation of data security, will come into effect on September 1, 2021. The critical question for foreign companies is to what extent they will be affected by the DSL. The crux of the matter here is the so-called “important data.” This special category of data is… Continue reading DSL: What is “Important Data”?

China Restricts Tesla Driving Permits for Civil Servants

After Tesla was first targeted by the Chinese government earlier this year over allegations of quality shortcomings, the successful e-car manufacturer is now in the spotlight over espionage allegations and threats to national security. According to recent reports, military personnel, government officials, and employees of large state-owned enterprises are no longer allowed to use Tesla-branded… Continue reading China Restricts Tesla Driving Permits for Civil Servants

China’s National Security Law: Restrictions on Data and Technology

The National Security Law (NSL), which came into force in June 2020, has implications for Hong Kong-based businesses in terms of technology and data. For example, Internet service providers must now grant the authorities access to user data and review their cross-border data flows. Technology companies must restructure their business activities if Western export bans… Continue reading China’s National Security Law: Restrictions on Data and Technology

China vs. India: Conflicts in the Digital World

The differences between the two Asian superpowers China and India are now also being played out in the digital world. The most recent conflict is about data protection and security concerns – specifically mobile apps made in China. According to the Indian government, the Chinese video app TikTok and 59 smartphone apps developed mainly in… Continue reading China vs. India: Conflicts in the Digital World